4 cubic feet (18 document cases)
FA137 Rockefeller University records, Business Manager, Subject Files, Boxes 9, 30 and 73.
FA013 Rockefeller University records, Assistant Business Manager, Subject Files, Boxes 29 and 32.
FA211 Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Treasurer/Assistant Treasurer, Box 1. FA211 Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Secretary, Box 1. FA211 Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Secretary’s File, Box 2.
FA214 Rockefeller University records, Director of Administrative Services, Roger C. Elliot, Reports: Bursar’s Receipts and Disbursements, Box 13.
FA231 Alexis Carrel papers, Rockefeller University Faculty.
Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Counsel, Box 1.
FA236 Rockefeller University records, Rockefeller University Press, Graphic Services, Photographs, Groups and Special Events.
See Archivist for identification of related materials and further assistance.
Oversized item: “The War Demonstration Hospital. Its Plan and Construction.” New York: The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1917. (duplicates of booklet in hard-back bound volume).
See Rockefeller University records, Miscellaneous, Oversized.
Materials in this collection are arranged alphabetically by subject; within each subject, arrangement is alphabetical or chronological.
This material is arranged in nine series:
Includes photographs and evaluations of students; also includes correspondence, students’ background notes, and tests.
Materials in this section include correspondence and memos. Subjects include the construction of the War Demonstration Hospital and the disposition of case histories.
Materials in this section include daily reports, index cards, inventories, and statistics. Subjects include names of men assigned to the War Demonstration Hospital for training, with grades, patient and payroll statistics, and supplies.
Includes a course list and reports. Subjects include Carrel’s method on treatment of infected wounds and Dakin’s solution.
Includes photocopies of photographs. Subjects include chemistry class, nurses, a Theodore Roosevelt letter of congratulations to Carrel, and surgical class.
Includes announcements, articles, catalogues, and newspaper clippings.
Includes reports by Carrel and Flexner. Subjects include the hospital at Compiegne and the War Demonstration Hospital.
a. Correspondence, 1917-1919. 0.4 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically and then chronologically within each letter.
Includes correspondence, memos, and telegrams. Subjects include answers to inquiries about medical cases and the use of the Carrel-Dakin treatment. Correspondents include Simon Flexner, John G. Long, Joseph P. Meehan, and the Navy.
b. Reports, 1919, n.d. 2 folders Arranged alphabetically.
Includes reports on hospital and other topics.
c. Subject Files, 1917-1919. 0.2 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically and then chronologically within each letter.
Includes correspondence, memos, notes, and reports. Subjects include the Carrel method, the Dakin solution, empyema, radium, students’ reports on use of Carrel-Dakin treatment at camps, tethelin, and X-rays.
a. Correspondence, 1917-1919. 0.2 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically, then chronologically within each letter.
Includes correspondence, memos, and telegrams. Subjects include nursing staff positions, special materials needed for the hospital, and visits to see the War Demonstration Hospital in operation. Correspondents include Eleanor G. Evans (Assistant Superintendent), Henry James, M. Kenzel, and Mary L. Whitney (Superintendent).
b. Miscellaneous, 1917-1919. 1 folder Arranged chronologically.
Includes correspondence, notes, and telegrams.
Former Classification: I 600.2
Processed by Barbara J. Gilson, April 20, 1988.
The War Demonstration Hospital at the Rockefeller Institute for medical Research had its beginnings in a hospital that Alexis Carrel set up in Compiegne, France in August, 1914. In a hotel building donated by the French government and with a $20,000 grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, Carrel set up a special hospital to combine research with treatment in order to find better methods of combating severe bacterial infections of lacerated wounds. Henry Drysdale Dakin, an English biochemist who had worked for a time with Christian Herter at the RIMR, joined Carrel. Dakin developed a solution of sodium hypochlorite buffered with sodium bicarbonate that was used in the irrigation of wounds after radical surgery removed the injured tissue.
When the United states entered World War I, the Rockefeller Foundation again grained money to carrel to set up a hospital where American and French military surgeons could be trained in the Carrel-Dakin treatment. In six weeks, the grounds of the Institute accommodated sixteen portable hospitals. each of the hospitals had two wards of 25 beds each and an operating pavilion. The designs for these temporary hospitals were tested for their applicability to the conditions at the front.
Twice each month, beginning August 2, 1917 and lasting until March 29, 1919, doctors were assigned to the War Demonstration Hospital by the Surgeon General to take a two-week course in the Carrel-Dakin method. Edric Smith, the Assistant Business Manager, ran the War Demonstration Hospital for Henry James, the Business Manager, who had enlisted in the Army. Major George A. Stewart was assigned to the War Demonstration Hospital by the Surgeon General in September 1917. Stewart had received his medical degree from the Johns Hopkins Medical School and Hospital and had worked at the St. Agnes Hospital in Baltimore. At the War Demonstration Hospital, he organized the clinical service and laboratory courses. On February 14, 1918, Stewart was placed in charge in Carrel’s absence and named Surgeon-in-Chief.
Mary L. Whitney was appointed Superintendent of the War Demonstration Hospital, with Eleanor G. Evans as Assistant Superintendent. They supervised the daily operation of the hospital and were in charge of the training of the nurses.
In March, 1919, the RIMR began shutting down the War Demonstration Hospital, which formally closed in April. When used, the Carrel-Dakin treatment was effective; however, the procedure was too involved for military surgeons and required too much equipment and training for civilian surgeons. The treatment ended up being used only for trivial wounds until penicillin was discovered, when it was discarded altogether.
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