Rockefeller University records, Special Events and Activities, War Demonstration Hospital (FA012) 1916-1920, 1959, undated

4 cubic feet (18 document cases)

Medical care Radiology World War I Radiation Prevention and health Medicine, Preventive Medical education Hospitals

Related Archival Materials

See Also:

FA137 Rockefeller University records, Business Manager, Subject Files, Boxes 9, 30 and 73.

FA013 Rockefeller University records, Assistant Business Manager, Subject Files, Boxes 29 and 32.

FA211 Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Treasurer/Assistant Treasurer, Box 1. FA211 Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Secretary, Box 1. FA211 Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Secretary’s File, Box 2.

FA214 Rockefeller University records, Director of Administrative Services, Roger C. Elliot, Reports: Bursar’s Receipts and Disbursements, Box 13.

FA231 Alexis Carrel papers, Rockefeller University Faculty.

Rockefeller University records, Corporation, Counsel, Box 1.

FA236 Rockefeller University records, Rockefeller University Press, Graphic Services, Photographs, Groups and Special Events.

See Archivist for identification of related materials and further assistance.

Separated Materials

Oversized item: “The War Demonstration Hospital. Its Plan and Construction.” New York: The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1917. (duplicates of booklet in hard-back bound volume).

See Rockefeller University records, Miscellaneous, Oversized.

Arrangement

Materials in this collection are arranged alphabetically by subject; within each subject, arrangement is alphabetical or chronological.

Scope and Contents

This material is arranged in nine series:

  1. Class Records, 1917-1919. 0.6 cubic feet Arranged chronologically.

Includes photographs and evaluations of students; also includes correspondence, students’ background notes, and tests.

  1. Correspondence, 1917-1919, 1959. 2 folders Arranged chronologically.

Materials in this section include correspondence and memos. Subjects include the construction of the War Demonstration Hospital and the disposition of case histories.

  1. Hospital Records, 1917-1919, n.d. 3.0 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Materials in this section include daily reports, index cards, inventories, and statistics. Subjects include names of men assigned to the War Demonstration Hospital for training, with grades, patient and payroll statistics, and supplies.

  1. Instructional Material, 1917-1918, n.d. 3 folders Arranged alphabetically.

Includes a course list and reports. Subjects include Carrel’s method on treatment of infected wounds and Dakin’s solution.

  1. Photographs, 1916-1919, n.d. 6 folders Arranged alphabetically.

Includes photocopies of photographs. Subjects include chemistry class, nurses, a Theodore Roosevelt letter of congratulations to Carrel, and surgical class.

  1. Printed Materials. 1917, n.d. 4 folders Arranged alphabetically.

Includes announcements, articles, catalogues, and newspaper clippings.

  1. Reports, 1916-1919. 3 folders Arranged alphabetically.

Includes reports by Carrel and Flexner. Subjects include the hospital at Compiegne and the War Demonstration Hospital.

  1. Major George A. Stewart, 1917-1919, n.d. 0.6 cubic feet Arranged in three sub-sections.

a. Correspondence, 1917-1919. 0.4 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically and then chronologically within each letter.

Includes correspondence, memos, and telegrams. Subjects include answers to inquiries about medical cases and the use of the Carrel-Dakin treatment. Correspondents include Simon Flexner, John G. Long, Joseph P. Meehan, and the Navy.

b. Reports, 1919, n.d. 2 folders Arranged alphabetically.

Includes reports on hospital and other topics.

c. Subject Files, 1917-1919. 0.2 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically and then chronologically within each letter.

Includes correspondence, memos, notes, and reports. Subjects include the Carrel method, the Dakin solution, empyema, radium, students’ reports on use of Carrel-Dakin treatment at camps, tethelin, and X-rays.

  1. Superintendents’ Files, 1917-1919. 0.2 cubic feet Arranged in two sub-sections.

a. Correspondence, 1917-1919. 0.2 cubic feet Arranged alphabetically, then chronologically within each letter.

Includes correspondence, memos, and telegrams. Subjects include nursing staff positions, special materials needed for the hospital, and visits to see the War Demonstration Hospital in operation. Correspondents include Eleanor G. Evans (Assistant Superintendent), Henry James, M. Kenzel, and Mary L. Whitney (Superintendent).

b. Miscellaneous, 1917-1919. 1 folder Arranged chronologically.

Includes correspondence, notes, and telegrams.

File Plan

Former Classification: I 600.2

Processing Information

Processed by Barbara J. Gilson, April 20, 1988.

Biographical / Historical

The War Demonstration Hospital at the Rockefeller Institute for medical Research had its beginnings in a hospital that Alexis Carrel set up in Compiegne, France in August, 1914. In a hotel building donated by the French government and with a $20,000 grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, Carrel set up a special hospital to combine research with treatment in order to find better methods of combating severe bacterial infections of lacerated wounds. Henry Drysdale Dakin, an English biochemist who had worked for a time with Christian Herter at the RIMR, joined Carrel. Dakin developed a solution of sodium hypochlorite buffered with sodium bicarbonate that was used in the irrigation of wounds after radical surgery removed the injured tissue.

When the United states entered World War I, the Rockefeller Foundation again grained money to carrel to set up a hospital where American and French military surgeons could be trained in the Carrel-Dakin treatment. In six weeks, the grounds of the Institute accommodated sixteen portable hospitals. each of the hospitals had two wards of 25 beds each and an operating pavilion. The designs for these temporary hospitals were tested for their applicability to the conditions at the front.

Twice each month, beginning August 2, 1917 and lasting until March 29, 1919, doctors were assigned to the War Demonstration Hospital by the Surgeon General to take a two-week course in the Carrel-Dakin method. Edric Smith, the Assistant Business Manager, ran the War Demonstration Hospital for Henry James, the Business Manager, who had enlisted in the Army. Major George A. Stewart was assigned to the War Demonstration Hospital by the Surgeon General in September 1917. Stewart had received his medical degree from the Johns Hopkins Medical School and Hospital and had worked at the St. Agnes Hospital in Baltimore. At the War Demonstration Hospital, he organized the clinical service and laboratory courses. On February 14, 1918, Stewart was placed in charge in Carrel’s absence and named Surgeon-in-Chief.

Mary L. Whitney was appointed Superintendent of the War Demonstration Hospital, with Eleanor G. Evans as Assistant Superintendent. They supervised the daily operation of the hospital and were in charge of the training of the nurses.

In March, 1919, the RIMR began shutting down the War Demonstration Hospital, which formally closed in April. When used, the Carrel-Dakin treatment was effective; however, the procedure was too involved for military surgeons and required too much equipment and training for civilian surgeons. The treatment ended up being used only for trivial wounds until penicillin was discovered, when it was discarded altogether.

Conditions Governing Use

RAC users must abide by all applicable provisions of United States copyright law. Reproduction/duplication of archival items is routinely provided in accordance with “fair use”. If the RAC does not hold copyright for an archival collection, or items within a collection, it is the users’ responsibility to contact the copyright holder, or make a fair effort to do so, prior to publication.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Materials requiring specialized equipment for access (film, audio, video, slides) may be closed to research dependent on availability of the applicable equipment

Brittle or damaged items, or materials otherwise in need of preservation care, may be closed to researchers at the discretion of the RAC Head of Archival Services/Head of Reference.

Preferred Citation

Information regarding the Rockefeller Archive Center’s preferred elements and forms of citation can be found at http://www.rockarch.org/research/citations.php

Contents

Class Records, 1917-1919
November 5-16, 1917

Box 1, Folder 1

November 19-30, 1917

Box 1, Folder 2

December 3, 1917

Box 1, Folder 3

1917

Box 1, Folder 4

January 2, 1918

Box 1, Folder 5

January 14, 1918

Box 1, Folder 6

January 28, 1918

Box 1, Folder 7

February 11, 1918

Box 1, Folder 8

February 25, 1918

Box 1, Folder 9

March 11, 1918

Box 1, Folder 10

March 25, 1918

Box 1, Folder 11

April 8, 1918

Box 1, Folder 12

April 22, 1918

Box 1, Folder 13

May 6, 1918

Box 1, Folder 14

May 20, 1918

Box 1, Folder 15

June 3, 1918

Box 1, Folder 16

June 17, 1918

Box 1, Folder 17

July 1, 1918

Box 1, Folder 18

July 15, 1918

Box 1, Folder 19

July 29, 1918

Box 1, Folder 20

August 12, 1918

Box 1, Folder 21

August 26, 1918

Box 1, Folder 22

September 9, 1918

Box 1, Folder 23

September 23, 1918

Box 1, Folder 24

October 7, 1918

Box 1, Folder 25

October 28, 1918

Box 1, Folder 26

November 4, 1918

Box 2, Folder 1

November 18, 1918

Box 2, Folder 2

December 2, 1918

Box 2, Folder 3

December 9, 1918

Box 2, Folder 4

December 28, 1918

Box 2, Folder 5

January 11, 1919

Box 2, Folder 6

January 27, 1919

Box 2, Folder 7

February 10, 1919

Box 2, Folder 8

February 24, 1919

Box 2, Folder 9

March 10, 1919

Box 2, Folder 10

March 24, 1919

Box 2, Folder 11

Correspondence, 1917-1919, 1959
1917-1919

Box 2, Folder 12

1959

Box 2, Folder 13

Hospital Records, 1917-1919, n.d.
Inventories, 1917-1919

Box 2, Folder 14

Laundry Lists, 1917

Box 2, Folder 15

Laundry Lists, 1918

Box 2, Folder 16

Laundry Lists, 1919

Box 2, Folder 17

Miscellaneous Files, 1918-1919

Box 2, Folder 18

Newman Clock Company Logs, 1918-1919

Box 3, Folder 1

Patient Statistics, 1917-1919

Box 3, Folder 2

Payroll and Christmas Prayer, 1917-1920

Box 3, Folder 3

Supplies - Orders (A-B), 1917-1919

Box 3, Folder 4

Supplies - Orders (C-V), 1917-1919

Box 3, Folder 5

Supplies - Orders - Reconstruction: Mr. Spies, 1917-1919

Box 3, Folder 6

Supplies - Orders (W), 1917-1919

Box 4, Folder 1

Supplies - Orders Received, 1917-1919

Box 4, Folder 2

Telephone Call Lists, 1917

Box 4, Folder 3

Telephone Call Lists, 1918

Box 4, Folder 4

Chemistry Class Cards

Box 5

Doctor's Files - Reference for Hospitals

Box 5

Handwritten Cards - Incomplete

Box 5

Daily Reports, 1917-1919

Box 6

Grades for Trainees (A-G)

Box 7

Grades for Trainees (H-O)

Box 8

Grades for Trainees (P-Z)

Box 9

Names of Men Assigned to Institute for Training, September 2-7, 1918

Box 10

Names of Men Assigned to Institute for Training, 1918-1919

Box 10

Names of Men Assigned to Institute for Training (A-E)

Box 11

Names of Men Assigned to Institute for Training (F-L)

Box 12

Names of Men Assigned to Institute for Training (M-R)

Box 13

Names of Men Assigned to Institute for Training (S-Z)

Box 14

Instructional Material, 1917-1918, n.d.
Carrel Method on Treatment of Infected Wounds, September 1918

Box 15, Folder 1

Course List, May 1917

Box 15, Folder 2

Dakin's Solution, undated

Box 15, Folder 3

Photographs, 1916-1919, n.d.
Chemistry Class, 1917

Box 15, Folder 4

Joseph P. Meehan, undated

Box 15, Folder 5

Miscellaneous Class, undated

Box 15, Folder 6

Theodore Roosevelt Letter to Carrel, November 29, 1916

Box 15, Folder 7

Surgical Class, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 8

Women (Nurses), 1918

Box 15, Folder 9

Printed Materials, 1917, n.d.
Announcements re: War Demonstration Hospital, undated

Box 15, Folder 10

Humphreys Sectional Building, undated

Box 15, Folder 11

"The Modern Hospital" Article on War Demonstration Hospital, August 1917

Box 15, Folder 12

Newspaper Clippings, July 1917

Box 15, Folder 13

Reports, 1916-1919
Alexis Carrel, 1916-1919

Box 15, Folder 14

Simon Flexner, 1918-1919

Box 15, Folder 15

General, 1919

Box 15, Folder 16

Major George A. Stewart, 1917-1919, n.d.
Correspondence, 1917-1919
A, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 17

B, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 18

C, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 19

D, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 20

E, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 21

F, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 22

G, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 23

H, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 24

I, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 25

J, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 26

K, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 27

L, 1917-1919

Box 15, Folder 28

M, 1917-1919

Box 16, Folder 1

N, 1918-1919

Box 16, Folder 2

O, 1918

Box 16, Folder 3

P, 1917-1919

Box 16, Folder 4

Q-R, 1917-1919

Box 16, Folder 5

S, 1917-1919

Box 16, Folder 6

T, 1918-1919

Box 16, Folder 7

U-V, 1918-1919

Box 16, Folder 8

W-Z, 1917-1919

Box 16, Folder 9

Reports, 1919, n.d.
Hospital, undated

Box 16, Folder 10

Miscellaneous, 1919

Box 16, Folder 11

Subject Files, 1917-1919
A-C, 1917-1918

Box 16, Folder 12

Dakin Solution/Carrel Method, 1917-1919

Box 16, Folder 13

E-G, 1918

Box 16, Folder 14

Empyema, 1918-1919

Box 16, Folder 15

H-P, 1917-1918

Box 16, Folder 16

Radium, 1917-1918

Box 16, Folder 17

Recommendations to Surgeon General, 1918-1919

Box 16, Folder 18

S-T, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 1

Students' Reports, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 2

Tethelin, 1918-1919

Box 17, Folder 3

X-Ray, 1918-1919

Box 17, Folder 4

Superintendents' Files, 1917-1919
Correspondence, 1917-1919
A, 1917-1919

Box 17, Folder 5

B, 1917-1919

Box 17, Folder 6

C, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 7

D, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 8

E-G, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 9

H, 1917-1919

Box 17, Folder 10

I-J, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 11

K, 1917-1919

Box 17, Folder 12

L, 1918-1919

Box 17, Folder 13

M, 1917-1918

Box 17, Folder 14

N-R, 1917-1919

Box 17, Folder 15

S, 1917-1918

Box 18, Folder 1

T-V, 1917-1919

Box 18, Folder 2

W, 1917-1919

Box 18, Folder 3

X-Z, 1917-1918

Box 18, Folder 4

Miscellaneous, 1917-1919
1917-1919

Box 18, Folder 5